Open Adoption

If your situation calls for open adoption

In an open adoption, the child's adoptive parents and birth mother or birth parents know one another's identities and have some degree of contact. Exactly how much contact they have changes from situation to situation and is usually at the discretion of the adopting parents. Open adoption records are made available only to the birth parents and the adoptive parents, not to any other individuals, administrations or agencies.

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Most cases of open family adoption feature formally defined modes of birth and adoptive parental interaction. Limits on the frequency of interaction and means of contact may also be included in a formal agreement.

Advantages of Open Adoption

An open adoption allows for a birth mother to be a part of her son or daughter's life. While there are cases in which this is undesirable, there are also many instances in which it is in the best interests of the child. Many young mothers, for example, give up their children for adoption simply because they are emotionally and financially unable to provide proper care at that point in their lives. It is comforting for them to know that they can still be a part of their child's life while ensuring that their son or daughter gets the love and care they deserve.

By contrast, a closed adoption or private adoption does not allow for contact between the birth mother and child. This can cause anguish and heartbreak, both for birth mothers and children who later learn they were adopted.

Step Parent Adoption

Many people are interested when the opportunity for a step parent adoption situation arises. A step parent adoption is one in which the child and the parents are blood relatives. For example, a teenage mother might give up her infant son or daughter for adoption to her aunt and uncle. This way, the child remains in the family while being raised by parents who are properly able to meet all parental responsibilities.

Step parent adoptions are available both for babies as well as older children. In many jurisdictions, children aged 12 or older must provide consent for a step parent adoption to go through, and must also agree to any proposed name changes that may result.